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COVID-19 Vaccine FAQ | Colorado COVID-19 Updates – Colorado COVID-19 Updates

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Last updated on April 7, 2022.
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Many Coloradans should get a third dose, also known as a booster dose, for the highest level of protection from COVID-19.
You should get a third dose of Pfizer or Moderna if you:
Are 12 or older and received your second dose of Pfizer at least five months ago.
Are 18 or older and received your second dose of Moderna at least five months ago.
If you got the Johnson & Johnson vaccine, you should get a dose of either Pfizer or Moderna two months or more after you first got vaccinated. If you can’t or would prefer not to get Pfizer or Moderna, you should get a second dose of Johnson & Johnson.
If you got Johnson & Johnson for both your first and second doses, you may get a third dose of either Pfizer or Moderna four months after your second dose.
If you are immunocompromised and got Pfizer or Moderna, you should get a third primary dose four weeks after your second dose. You should then get a fourth (booster) dose three months after your third. People who may benefit most from a fifth dose are people who are at higher risk because of their age, medical conditions, or living or working situations. These risk factors make it more likely that you will get very sick or need to be hospitalized from COVID-19. Talking with a health care provider can help you learn more about whether it’s best for you to get a fifth dose. However, it is not required that you talk with a provider before making your appointment.
If you are immunocompromised and got Johnson & Johnson, you should get an additional dose of Pfizer or Moderna four weeks after you first got vaccinated. You should then get a third (booster) dose two months after your second dose, followed by a fourth (second booster) dose four months after your third dose. Your third and fourth doses should also be either Pfizer or Moderna.
Some people aged 50 and older may also benefit from getting a fourth dose or second booster. You can get your fourth dose at least four months after your third dose/first booster. Your fourth dose/second booster should be either Pfizer or Moderna.
People who may benefit most from a fourth dose are people who are at higher risk because of their age, medical conditions, or living or working situations. These risk factors make it more likely that you will get very sick or need to be hospitalized from COVID-19. Talking with a health care provider can help you learn more about whether it’s best for you to get a fourth dose. However, it is not required that you talk with a provider before making your appointment.
 
 
 
 
Getting vaccinated (and getting your third dose when you’re due for one) is the best way to protect yourself, your loved ones, and your community from COVID-19, including the omicron variant.
There is strong evidence that people who have gotten their third dose have much better protection than those who have received only two doses. Those who get a dose of Pfizer or Moderna after the Johnson & Johnson vaccine also showed increased immunity in laboratory studies. Getting a third dose (or a second dose after J&J) is one of the most important things you can do to protect yourself against omicron.
While evidence does show that vaccines are likely less effective against omicron, they still reduce your chance of getting seriously sick or needing to be hospitalized due to COVID-19.
Getting vaccinated also protects others around you. Current data suggests that vaccination reduces the spread of infection, leading to fewer opportunities for new variants to develop and spread.
 
 
 
 
 
Are 12 or older and received your second dose of Pfizer at least five months ago.
Are 18 or older and received your second dose of Moderna at least five months ago.
If you got the Johnson & Johnson vaccine, you should get a dose of either Pfizer or Moderna two months after you first got vaccinated. If you can’t or would prefer not to get Pfizer or Moderna, you should get a second dose of Johnson & Johnson.
If you are immunocompromised and got three doses of Pfizer or Moderna in your primary series, you should get a fourth dose of either vaccine three months after your third dose.
If you are immunocompromised and got a single dose of Johnson & Johnson, you should get a second dose of Pfizer or Moderna four weeks after you first got vaccinated. You should then get a third (booster) dose two months after your second dose. Your third dose should be either Pfizer or Moderna.
 
You may get a fourth dose/second booster dose if you:
Are 50 or older and received your third dose of Pfizer or Moderna at least four months ago.
Are 50 or older, received the Johnson & Johnson vaccine for your first dose, and received your second dose (of any vaccine) at least four months ago.
Are 18 or older, received the Johnson & Johnson vaccine for your first two doses, and received your second dose at least four months ago.
Moderately to severely immunocompromised people age 12 and older who have already received four doses of Pfizer or Moderna as recommended by CDC may now receive a fifth dose at least four months after their fourth dose. 
Moderately to severely immunocompromised people who received the J&J vaccine at first, followed by an additional primary dose and then a booster, may now receive a second booster for a total of four doses. This second booster must be either Pfizer or Moderna.
People who may benefit most from a fourth dose/second booster are people who are at higher risk because of their age, medical conditions, or living or working situations. These risk factors make it more likely that you will get very sick or need to be hospitalized from COVID-19. Talking with a health care provider can help you learn more about whether it’s best for you to get a fourth dose. However, talking with a provider is not a requirement for making an appointment.
 
 
Are 1.5 times less likely to get infected with COVID-19 than people who only received two doses of Pfizer or Moderna or one dose of Johnson & Johnson. 
Are 2.4 times less likely to get infected with COVID-19 than people who haven’t been vaccinated at all. 
Are 5.3 times less likely to be hospitalized with COVID-19 than people who only received two doses of Pfizer or Moderna or one dose of Johnson & Johnson. 
Are 17.3 times less likely to be hospitalized with COVID-19 than people who haven’t been vaccinated at all.
 
Yes. If you are 12 or older and:
Received a COVID-19 vaccine listed for emergency use by WHO, but not approved or authorized by the FDA; or
Completed a mix and match series composed of any combination of FDA-approved, FDA-authorized, or WHO-EUL COVID-19 vaccines,
You can get a third dose in Colorado. If you are 12 to 17 years old, your third dose should be Pfizer. If you are 18 or older, your third dose can be Pfizer or Moderna. You can get your third dose five months or more after the final dose in your primary series.
 
Yes. COVID-19 vaccination is recommended for everyone 5 years and older, even if you’ve already had COVID-19.
While recovering from COVID-19 may give you natural immunity to the virus, the immunity might not last more than a few months. It’s possible to get COVID-19 again even if you have already recovered from the illness. You should plan to get vaccinated (with three doses if you are 12+) to make sure you have the best possible protection from COVID-19.
You can get a vaccine as soon as you feel better and have completed your isolation period.
 
Yes, but you should wait a certain amount of time after getting treatment. Waiting will help make sure that the vaccine builds enough immunity.
If you received monoclonal antibodies or convalescent plasma for post-exposure prophylaxis, you should wait at least 30 days before getting vaccinated.
If you received monoclonal antibodies or convalescent plasma while you were sick with COVID-19, you should wait at least 90 days before getting vaccinated.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
For additional information, visit CDC’s webpage on vaccine safety.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Depending on whether you are up to date with your COVID-19 vaccinations, you may not need to quarantine after being exposed to someone with COVID-19.
You don’t need to quarantine after exposure if you have received all recommended vaccine doses, including third doses and additional primary doses for some immunocompromised people.
If you don’t need to quarantine after being exposed to someone with COVID-19, you should still wear a mask around others for 10 days after your exposure. You should also get a COVID-19 test at least five days after exposure.
If you are not fully up to date with your COVID-19 vaccinations, you should quarantine if you think you have been exposed to COVID-19.
Whether or not you are in quarantine, watch for symptoms in the 10 days after exposure and get tested five days after exposure. Get tested immediately if you start to feel symptoms. If you test positive, you will need to isolate
Note that PCR and antigen test results will not be affected by the vaccine. A positive PCR test generally indicates recent COVID-19 infection.  
 
Yes. If you develop COVID-19 symptoms at any time, you should isolate and get tested for COVID-19.  You should isolate and get tested even if you are fully up to date with your COVID-19 vaccines.
If you feel symptoms like fever, chills, soreness, headache, and fatigue within a day or two of getting a COVID-19 vaccine, you are likely experiencing vaccine side effects. You do not need to isolate while you are feeling these side effects
Cough, shortness of breath, nasal congestion, sore throat, or loss of taste or smell are not recognized side effects of the vaccine. These may be signs of COVID-19 infection (or another infection). If you feel any of these symptoms after getting vaccinated, you should begin isolation and get tested for COVID-19.
Learn more about vaccine side effects in this FAQ.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Media line (for media only): 303-900-2849 
CO-HELP – Colorado’s call line for general questions about the novel coronavirus (COVID-19), providing answers in many languages including English, Spanish (Español), Mandarin (普通话) and more. 
 Call 303-389-1687 or (877) 462-2911.
COVID-19 related issues and concerns
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IMPORTANT: If you have symptoms and think you have been exposed, call a health care provider.
CDPHE main website
Colorado Emergency Management
State resource for COVID-19 information
OnwardCO.org – One-stop resource for Coloradans impacted by job loss to connect with life essentials, training, and jobs.
Colorado Crisis Services – Free, confidential, professional, and immediate support for any mental health, substance use, or emotional concern, 24/7/365.
 Call 1-844-493-TALK (8255) or text TALK to 38255 to speak to a trained professional.
211 Colorado – Confidential and multilingual service connecting people to vital resources across the state.
 Call 2-11 or (866) 760-6489     Text your ZIP CODE to 898-211.
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National Academies Issue Guidance for Childhood COVID-19 Vaccines – Medscape

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