今日NEWS

How Are Hypertension, Heart Disease, and Stroke Related? – Healthline

0

Hypertension is when the force of blood in your arteries is too high. It’s also called high blood pressure. Over time, it can lead to various health problems, including heart disease and stroke.
Heart disease refers to disorders that affect your heart. Stroke, on the other hand, is a condition that affects your brain. It happens when blood flow to your brain is cut off.
Some types of heart disease can increase the risk of stroke. Likewise, stroke may raise the risk of heart problems.
Read on to learn more about hypertension and its relationship with heart disease and stroke.
Hypertension is a risk factor for both heart disease and stroke.
In hypertension, the force of blood flowing through your arteries is too high. This reduces blood flow to your heart, leading to heart disease. High blood pressure can also damage the arteries that supply your brain. The pressure can reduce blood flow to your brain, resulting in a stroke.
Heart disease and stroke are related, too.
Heart disease increases the risk of stroke. It’s found in one-third of people who have a stroke. Heart disease makes it difficult for your heart to properly pump blood, which disrupts blood flow to your brain.
Similarly, having a stroke increases the risk of heart complications, according to a 2020 study. This includes problems like heart attack and heart failure.
Hypertension damages the arteries leading to your heart, as well as the heart itself.
Specifically, the force of high blood pressure stiffens your arteries. It also makes your arteries more prone to plaque buildup. In turn, your arteries become narrow in a process called atherosclerosis.
High blood pressure also forces your heart to work hard to pump blood. As a result, the heart muscle thickens in order to handle the increased pressure. This makes your heart less elastic.
These changes to your arteries and heart reduce blood flow. It can cause heart disease, which may lead to problems like:
Hypertension can also lead to stroke. Again, this is due to the damaging effects of hypertension on your arteries.
There are two main types of strokes. Both types may be caused by hypertension:
High blood pressure strains the arteries that supply your brain with blood. This makes the arteries narrow, resulting in a blockage. If this happens, blood flow to your brain gets cut off, causing an ischemic stroke.
High blood pressure promotes the buildup of plaque, too. The plaque can further narrow arteries and prevent blood flow to your brain.
The strain of high blood pressure weakens the artery walls. This can make it harder for arteries to handle the pressure.
Eventually, a weakened artery near or in your brain may burst, causing sudden bleeding. This is called a hemorrhagic stroke.
A blood pressure reading consists of two numbers.
The top number is the systolic blood pressure. It refers to the force in your arteries when your heart beats and pushes blood. The bottom number is the diastolic blood pressure. It refers to the pressure against your arteries in between heartbeats.
Blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg).
High blood pressure usually has no obvious symptoms. It’s a relatively silent condition.
Generally, hypertension will only cause symptoms if it has become severe. But it can take many years for this to happen.
According to the American Heart Association, symptoms that may be related to hypertension include:
However, these symptoms are not directly caused by hypertension. The only way to know if you have hypertension is to get a blood pressure reading.
Hypertension is treatable. Treatment involves lifestyle habits and medication that lower blood pressure.
Lowering blood pressure is one of the best ways to prevent heart disease and stroke. According to a 2016 study, reducing systolic blood pressure by 10 mm Hg lowers the risk of coronary heart disease, heart failure, and stroke.
A 2016 review also notes that lowering systolic blood pressure to less than 130 mm Hg reduces the risk of these conditions.
To lower blood pressure:
By reducing blood pressure, these habits and treatments can help prevent heart disease and stroke. They’ll also manage other risk factors, like high cholesterol and diabetes.
If you’ve already received a diagnosis of hypertension, continue seeing your doctor regularly. Follow their tips for managing blood pressure and take your medications as directed.
You should also see a doctor if you have:
Chronic hypertension can cause severe health problems. The following symptoms require emergency help:
Hypertension usually causes no symptoms. The only way to know if you have high blood pressure is to get a blood pressure reading. Without treatment, hypertension can lead to heart disease or stroke.
You can lower high blood pressure by limiting sodium, exercising regularly, and reducing alcohol intake. If you smoke cigarettes, quitting will help. Your doctor may prescribe medications to help lower blood pressure, too.
If you’re unsure if you have hypertension, see a doctor. This is especially important if you have a family history of hypertension, heart disease, or stroke.
Last medically reviewed on March 28, 2022
11 sourcescollapsed
Experts say a Mediterranean-style diet rich in vegetables, fruit, and whole grains can help lower your risk for heart disease and stroke.
Researchers say chronic stress can lead to heart health issues, such as high blood pressure, but there are ways to reduce your anxiety
A recent report released by the World Health Organization and the International Labour Organization says that overwork led to 745,000 deaths from…
Sildenafil is a prescription drug that’s used to treat pulmonary hypertension. It works by widening the blood vessels to the lungs, which increases…
Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is a rare and life threatening complication of a blood clot in the lungs, but it can be cured.
Pfizer recently announced a recall of certain lots of their blood pressure medication Accuretic, and its generic versions.
High blood pressure in youth may have an adverse impact on brain health and cognitive function later in life, new research suggests.
Experts say getting protein from sources other than beef and chicken, like seafood and legumes, can help lower your risk of high blood pressure
If you’re interested in starting with probiotic supplements, consider trying one of these 9 probiotics for women’s health.
OUR BRANDS

source

admin

History professor sees similarities between 2020 and 1918 pandemics – WXXI News

Previous article

Mission Buys Healthy Living Network, Effectively Doubling Its Overall Business – Home Health Care News

Next article

You may also like

Comments

發表迴響

More in 今日NEWS